Maharana Pratap

Maharana Pratap was the son of Maharana Udai Singh who leads the Rajputs against the Akbar’s forces and preserved the Rajput rule in Mewad and and his mother was Rani Jeevant Kanwar. Maharana Pratap was faced with the daunting, challenge of the renegade Rajput princes like the Raja Todar Mal and the Raja Man Singh who had joined the army with the Muslim rulers. Maharana Pratap was destined to be 54th ruler of the Mewar in the Sisodiya Rajput. He was the eldest of the twenty five sons and he was given the title of crown prince.

Maharana Udai Singh II ruled ruled the kingdom of Mewar, with his capital of the Chittor. Maharana Pratap was destined to be the 54th ruler of Mewar in the Sisodiya Rajput. Maharana Pratap was the eldest of twenty five sons and he was given the title of crown prince.

In the year 1567, when the Prince Pratap Singh was only of 27, Chittor was surrounded by the Mughal Emperor Akhbar. Maharana Udai Singh II decided to leave the Chittor and also decided to move his family to Gogunda, rather than fight with Mughals but the young Pratap Singh wanted to stay back and wanted to fight with the mughals but his elder intercede and convinced him to leave the Chittor.

Maharana Prasad never accepted Mughals as the ruler of his own country India. Just because of this reason he never bowed in front of Akbar and fought with him till his last breath.

Battle of Haldighati:

The battle of Haldighati fought between Maharana Pratap and Mughals. Rajputs were not able to overcome the combined strength of the Mughals and the renegade Rajput princess who had played the roles of the deserter. But the Maharana Pratap, who was badly wounded in the battle and was saved by his brave horse Chetak, who took him away in the unconscious state from the battle. Although Maharana Pratap was not able to foil Muslims successfully, the saga of the Rajput resistance to Muslim rule continued till the 17th century when the baton of struggle for the Indian Independence from the Muslim tyranny was taken up by the upcoming power of Marathas, who brought till the end to Muslim domination of India.


Pratap’s army had a contingent of the Afghan warriors led by his commander, Hakim Khan Sur. The small army of the Bhils, whom the Rana had the support, also joined the battle against the Mughals. On the other hand, the Mughal forces led by the Syed Hashim boasted of numerical superiority, which vastly outnumbered the Rajputs.


The battle of Haldighati has commanded the lasting presence in Rajasthani folklore, and the persona of Pratap Singh, is celebrated in a folk song “O Neele Ghode raa Aswaar”.


According to the Rajput poet the Chauhan is one of the four Agnikula or ‘fire sprung’ tribes who were created by the gods in anali kund or the ‘fountain of the fire’ on Mount Abu to fight against Asuras or demons. Chauhan is also one of the 36 royal ruling races of the Rajputs.

In Indian culture, Maharana Pratap is considered to typify qualities like bravery and nobility to which the Rajputs aspire, especially in context of his opposition to the Mughal emperor Akbar.

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